Waterborne diseases are a major challenge to the world’s population, particularly in developing countries . World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF estimate they are responsible for 80% of all illnesses and a third of all deaths in developing countries. In a separate report, the WHO estimates that 88% of all waterborne illnesses are due to poor hygiene, sanitation and an unsafe water supply.
Water is however a fundamental requirement for human life, it makes up 70% of our body. The average person needs to drink about six to eight glasses of water every day.